Paul Bäumer

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Paul Bäumer in front of his Fokker Dr.I 204/17.

Paul Bäumer, "The Iron Eagle", was born in Duisburg on 11 May 1896. He studied as a dental assistant but he also got a civilian pilot license just before the war. At the start of the conflict he enlisted in the 70th Infantry Regiment, and after serving both on the West and the East front he was wounded in the arm. He then moved to air service, first as a dental assistant and later as a pilot.

He served at Armee Flugpark 1, ferrying aircrafts. He became Gefreiter on 19 February 1917. On 26 March he moved to Flieger Abteilung 7, where he flew a captured Nieuport 17 in several missions; on 29 March he was promoted Unteroffizier.

He joined Jasta 5 on 30 June 1917, where he flew Albatros D.V D.2274/17 with a large edelweiss painted on it. After shooting down three balloons between 12 and 15 July, he was transferred to Jasta 2 "Boelcke". Here he started flying another Albatros, 4409/17, again with the edelweiss symbol: he got from his fifth to his seventh victories on it. The use of these two planes gave him the nickname of Blumen-Heinrich (literally Flower-Henry).

He became an officer in April 1918. After an accident on 29th May, he started a long recovery before returning to active service in September. He ended the war with 43 victories.

After the war he became a dentist. Writer Erich Maria Remarque was one of his patients and called the main character of his novel All Quiet on the Western Front Paul Bäumer, after him.

He died in a flight accident at Copenhagen on 15th July 1927.


Nieuport 17 7

Albatros D.V D.2274/17

Fokker Dr.I 204/17


Flieger Abteilung 7

Jasta 2

Jasta 5